One of the new Seven Wonders of the World, the spectacular Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is situated at an altitude of 2,380 metres on a saddle between two mountain peaks, and set against a dramatic backdrop of cloud forest covered mountains. To the south of the ruins is the Machu Picchu mountain (Old Peak) after which the citadel was named, while towering over the site is Huayna Picchu (Young Peak). Far below the ruins, on the banks of winding Urubamba River, lies the small town of Agua Calientes (also known as Machu Picchu Pueblo). Unless you have trekked along the Inca Trail, this little town, accessible only by rail from Cuzco and the Sacred Valley, is the gateway to Machu Picchu. From here buses run up the zig-zag mountain road to the ruins.
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