Declared a game reserve in 1935, Tanjung Puting was reclassified as a national park in 1982 and protects a range of lowland habitats. Covering 3,000 sq km, the terrain is mainly low-lying swamp interspersed with black water rivers that flow into the Java Sea, turning into mangrove swamps at the river mouth. The higher, dry ground is covered with tropical rainforest with a canopy reaching 30 metres, open depression lakes, and areas of abandoned dry rice fields now covered with elephant grass and ferns. In areas of acidic, sandy soil, the tropical moist forest known locally as ‘kerangas’ thrives, characterised by a low canopy and thick underbrush.
The most famous animals present in Tanjung Puting are the orang utans, while proboscis monkeys and gibbons are also often seen here during the day, with tarsiers, glowing mushrooms, fireflies and owls at night. Up to 230 bird species have been recorded, including the rare rhinoceros, hornbill and Storm’s stork, white egrets, kingfishers and oriental darters. Other rare species, such as clouded leopards, civets, Malaysian sun bears, mouse deer, barking deer, sambar deer and red leaf monkeys are also present, but harder to find
Explore Tanjung Puting National Park
Click on your destination of interest
The latest from Compass - our online travel magazine
"I think Victoria Falls and then Bumi Hills resort were, without doubt, the highlights of the trip - which was a really fabulous trip.
Mr Steven Wigg"
"The most inspirational moment was impossible to define - so many interesting and beautiful places including of course Machu Picchu.
Mr Gordon Claridge"
"Just wanted to let you know that we had the most fabulous holiday in Brazil and much of it was down to your careful planning and attention to detail.
"Petra was by far the most special place I have ever been to.
Mr Toby Joyce"
"All your arrangements worked well and we had a wonderful few days in Istanbul.
"The guidance and advice you provided were invaluable. Your choice of locations, itinerary were all spot on. Your efforts in preparing your colleagues for our arrival and your kindness throughout were all fantastic. We truly have returned with the rich taste of both northern and southern India we had hoped we would experience.
"Most inspirational moment - Khiva - beautiful and unexpected although the people came close: friendly, interested proud of their country. Discussing jewellery, children and husbands with ladies selling bread in the market, and not a word of a common language between us, but we communicated just fine!
Mrs Jane Laver"
"The holiday was superb. Everything was perfect: nobody could have wished for a better honeymoon. Our driver was excellent and it felt very luxurious being driven around. He was very courteous and looked after us so well - far above and beyond the call of duty.
Mr John and Trudy Cornes
"The first sight of Macchu Picchu through the clouds was amazing. The descending cloud made a magical place all the more mysterious and mystic. Truly magical experience.
Mrs Yvonne Thorp"
"The actual sites that we set out to see &nadash; Aphrodisias was a great surprise and Ehpusus was quite wonderful.
"The trip you arranged for us was brilliant and everything you arranged not only ran smoothly but the quality of service was exceptional. Thanks so much for you patience and efficient help and for arranging a perfect itinerary.
"I just wanted to say thank you to you for arranging my recent trip to Egypt. It was a wonderful holiday and I felt really taken care of from beginning to end. Your advice regarding the extra day was excellent and the upgrade to a pyramid view room worth every penny.
"We are writing to you to say thank you for all your organisation, help and advice in our booking of our holiday to Egypt. Once again many thanks to you in particular and to your team who have made our holiday such a success.
"We are just returned from a magical trip to Sri Lanka. The whole trip was beautifully organised from end to end and the quality of the hotels was astounding. Cox & Kings have really excelled in this holiday and the Sri Lankan hotels were of the best. We greatly enjoyed the train trip out of Kandy – even more so when, in exchange for a small gift, we were both invited in to the drivers cab for the most spectacular section of the journey. Thank you again for a memorable trip, faultless from end to end.
George and Sue Langton"