Situated at the foothills of the Himalayas in Nepal, Lumbini is the brithplace of Gautama Buddha. The Mecca of every Buddhist, Lumbini is one of the four holy places of Buddhism. In 249 BC, Emperor Ashoka visited Lumbini and constructed four stupas and a stone pillar with a figure of a horse on top. Neglected for several years, in 1895, Feuhrer, a famous German archaeologist, discovered the great pillar while wandering about the foothills of the Churia range. Further exploration and excavation of the surrounding area revealed the existence of a brick temple and a sandstone sculpture within the temple itself which depicts the scenes of the Buddha’s birth.