Rudyard Kipling described Mumbai as ‘the Mother of Cities’ and the city’s history is the story of an incredible transformation from its foundation to the present day. It was built expressly for trade by the British and, over the years, it changed hands from the fishing village of the Kolis, through the Portuguese conquest, to the Portuguese Infanta Catherine Braganza who took the seven islands of Mumbai as her dowry to Charles II of England. Mumbai was, and still is, the Gateway of India and a grand archway of that name was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary in 1911.
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