Bijapur has some of the finest mosques in the Deccan and, in the medieval period, was an important centre of Deccani power. In 1489 Yusuf Adil Khan, later known as Adil Shah, then governor of Bijapur, declared independence and formed his own dynasty. Nine Sultans of the Adil Shah dynasty ruled Bijapur until in 1668 the Mughal emperor Aurangazeb overthrew the last member of the dynasty, thereafter the Nizams of Hyderabad, the Maharathas and the British ruled over Bijapur.
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