Located in southeastern Sicily, Syracuse was first settled by colonists from Corinth in 734 BC. Considered by Cicero to be the ancient world’s most beautiful city, it equalled Athens in power and prestige. Today, Ortygia the centre of the old city has retained many fascinating sights and monuments from its former reign, including the cathedral; once a Greek temple, converted into a church when the island was evangelised by St Paul. Other highlights include the 2nd century-AD amphitheatre, once host to gladiatorial combats and horse races and the Archaeological museum.
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