Palermo At one time an Arab emirate and seat of a Norman kingdom, Palermo became Europe’s grandest city in the 12th century. Today the city is a gateway to Sicily and retains some of its historical charm. Attractions include the fortress palace of Palazzo dei Normanni (Norman Palace) once a medieval court and today the seat of the Sicilian Parliament, the Cappella Palatina (Palpatine Chapel), covered in Byzantine-influenced mosaics and the Church of San Giovanni degli Eremiti which, now deconsecrated, is one of Palermo’s most typical monuments to the Norman domination.
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