The capital of Sardinia, Cagliari has a long and fascinating history. Due to its strategic location on the Mediterranean Sea, the city rose to prominence as a major trading city in the Phoenician era. The city is dominated by the Castello quarter, the oldest part. Built by the Aragonese, the quarter is protected by ancient city walls. Around the outskirts of the city are the Santa Gilla marshlands. Many migratory birds visit to feed on the small water creatures, which thrive in the salt-rich water.
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