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The country is rich in historical sites due to the numerous countries which have governed the region over the centuries. Scars of the recent conflict remain with bullet-marked buildings and ruined areas, but much has been brought back to life and the restoration work continues.
The capital, Sarajevo, has a lovely setting over hills with red-roofed houses and pretty minarets which graze the skyline. There is an excellent Ottoman quarter to visit here.
Further south is the rather magical town of Mostar, the cultural capital of the Herzegovina region and famous for its reconstructed Ottoman bridge – the Stari Most. Mostar was once the front line of fighting during the Bosnian war.
Known for being the highest and most isolated village in the country, it can only be visited by car for just six months of the year due to the weather conditions.
The starting point of a conflict which killed or wounded over 40 million people, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by Gavrillo Princip sparked the world’s first global war. You can view the exact spot of the assassination.
The siege of Sarajevo lasted nearly four years, making it one of the longest in modern history. Dotted around the city are shell holes from the siege which have been painted red to signify the blood split during the conflict. These have been called ‘Sarajevo Roses’.
Located on the left bank of the River Neratva, the fortress village of Pocitelj has some excellent examples of Ottoman architecture with a labyrinth of steep stairways, bastions and fortified walls.
Probably the most popular tourist attraction in the country, one of the best times to visit and view the bridge is when a member of the local diving club dives into the river below.
See Bosnia-Herzegovina come alive in this image and video gallery, showing off some of the best areas that you can visit and explore.
Discover the temperatures and rainfall you can expect when visiting the main areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina, along with the best time to travel.
Find out more about what you can expect from travelling in Europe – from internal flights to accommodation standards and local transport.
Learn more about the airlines we use to fly to Europe, chosen for reliability and good service; as well as any available upgrade facilities.
Before travelling to Europe, please read more about the entry requirements for each country, as well as any general health advice.
Get to know our expert Europe tour consultants, their personal recommendations and favourite hotels around the world.