The Fergana Valley is the most densely populated part of Uzbekistan and covers an area of 22,000km. It is seen as an Uzbek heartland for tradition, language and population. It is difficult to realise you are in a valley as the area is surrounded by the Tian Shan mountains to the north and the Pamir Alay mountains to the south. The area is famed for its fertile soil and has been its own kingdom in the past. The valley is made up of three provinces: Fergana, Namangen and Andijan. The Fergana Valley is also known to be the most Islamic of all the areas of Uzbekistan and visitors should note that a more modest dress code applies here than in other parts of the country.
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