The region of Cappadocia has a unique combination of natural beauty and man-made marvels. Known as fairy chimneys, the region’s rock formations were formed from volcanic rock that has been eroded by the elements over millions of years. Due to its isolated location and easily carved rock, early Christian settlers built many underground cities and rock churches in the region, which contain vivid and colourful frescoes. The Göreme National Park perhaps offers the best examples of these. The Unesco-listed ruins of the Hittite capital of Hattusa, near the small town of Bogazkale, date back to the Bronze Age. Rivals to the great pharaohs of Egypt, the Hittites founded the city in 1600 BC. The ruins and the vast number of clay and bronze tablets depicting everyday life which were discovered in the city offer archaeologists a fascinating insight into this lost civilisation
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