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Sudan’s history stretches back thousands of years. Home to the ancient Kingdoms of Kush, Kerma and Meroe which were scattered along the Nile, the country experienced Christian, Islamic, Egyptian, British and French influences – which can all still be seen today.
Home to the Nubian people, the friendliness of the Sudanese is undoubtedly one of the highlights of any trip. Gain an insight into their culture, which is a fascinating blend of Arabian and African influences, most evident in the colourfully painted village houses, Nubian wrestling, the atmospheric Sufi Whirling Dervishes and the vibrant markets.
The capital of Khartoum was constructed where the Blue and the White Niles meet, before flowing through Sudan and into Egypt. Take a boat ride out on the river to see the colours of the rivers mingle before becoming one, and relax as you float down the Nile, seeing Khartoum from a different angle.
Every Friday an hour before sunset, dervishes gather at a holy site in Khartoum. Encircled by hundreds of locals, the ceremony begins with the colourfully dressed dervishes chanting and interacting with the crowd. Rhythmic music is played on percussion instruments, and it is not uncommon to see the audience dancing while the dervishes whirl themselves into a state of trance. The excursion is a fantastic way to see local life and interact with the audience.
An ancient city on the banks of the Nile, Meroe is one of the oldest sites in Sub-Saharan Africa. Built in 800BC, it became heart of the Kingdom of Kush in ancient Nubia. Over centuries, royal families and important rulers were buried in hundreds of pyramids, scattered across the site. Discover the differences between Nubian and Egyptian pyramids, and admire this incredible site set against the backdrop of the Sudanese desert.
An important town in medieval Nubia, Old Dongola differs from most other ancient sites due to its Christian influence. Home to many monasteries and churches, today you can see remnants of Old Dongola’s heyday, with intricately decorated granite columns dotted around the orange-sand desert.
This small mountain sits at 98 metres tall, and the flat top offers travellers an incredible view of the Nile, desert and ruins of Napata below. Sitting right at the foot of the mountain, the city of Napata was settled by invading Egyptians in the 15th century BC. Take the chance to uncover both of these Unesco World Heritage Sites.
See Sudan come alive in this image gallery, showing off some of the best areas that you can visit and explore.
Find out more about what you can expect from travelling in Africa – from internal flights to accommodation standards and local transport.
Learn more about the airlines we use to fly to Africa, chosen for reliability and good service; as well as any available upgrade facilities.
Before travelling to Africa, please read more about the entry requirements for each country, as well as any general health advice.
Get to know our expert Africa travel consultants, their personal recommendations and favourite hotels around the world.