Hanoi was the home and final resting place of the Vietnamese political leader Ho Chi Minh, and visitors to the city can see various sites connected with his life and works. Soviet-style Ba Dinh square was where Ho Chi Minh read out the declaration of the nation's independence in 1945, and nearby there is a small museum dedicated to his life, his mausoleum, and the modest dwelling he built based on a rural Vietnamese stilt house and where 'Uncle Ho' lived for the last years of his life. Another focal point of the city is Hoan Kiem lake, the 'Lake of Restored Sword', a scenic spot in the centre of Hanoi. In the north of the lake is Jade island, home to Ngoc Son or the 'Temple of the Jade Mountain'. Also of interest are the 900-year-old Temple of Literature, Vietnam's principal Confucian sanctuary and its historical centre of learning; and the Museum of Ethnology, which details the history, art and culture of Vietnam's many ethnic minority groups.
Discover the varied sights, sounds and
flavours of this enchanting country,