Kraton Surakarta is the former palace and residence of Susuhunan Pakubuwono, a king of the Mataram empire who ruled in the 18th century. Many of the buildings here were destroyed in a fire in the 1980s, but some of the inner buildings have been restored. The nearby Sasono Sewoko museum exhibits various artefacts from the era, including weapons, statues and a large horse carriage collection belonging to the royal family. Istana Mangkunegaran acted as the second residence of the ruling royal family, founded by the nephew of Susuhunan Pakubuwono. In a better state of repair than the Kraton Surakarta, the richly decorated pavilion is the focal point of any visit. Outside the city is Sukuh temple, a 15th-century Javanese-Hindu temple set on the western slope of Mount Lawu. The temple is notable for its distinctive reliefs and carvings, with the life cycle as its main theme.
Visit the colonial towns of Surabaya and
Malang, the Hindu temple complexes...