Borobudur is a ninth-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang in central Java, and the island's most notable cultural site. The temple was constructed during the Sailendra dynasty, and is made up of more than a million cut-stone blocks, 1,460 stone relief panels and 504 life-size Buddha statues, each sculpted from a single stone. The architecture and carving demonstrates India's influence over the region, but the indigenous scenes depicted make Borobudur unique, and the temple remains an important place of pilgrimage for Buddhists and has been designated an Unesco world heritage site. Built in three tiers, from the top gallery of Borobudur one can enjoy panoramic views of central Java. Except for the faint shimmer of the Amanjiwo hotel, the view has changed little over the centuries, embracing the Kedu Plain and its surrounding villages, volcanic mountains and the Menoreh hills.
Visit the colonial towns of Surabaya and
Malang, the Hindu temple complexes...