Resting on the slopes of the Chingshan mountain and overlooking the Keelung river, the Martyrs' Shrine was built in a grand architectural style and has a serene atmosphere, which emphasises its solemn and stately character. The shrine commemorates the 330,000 men who sacrificed their lives to the revolution before the establishment of the Republic of China and who fell during the Sino-Japanese war and the Chinese civil war. There is also an elaborate daily changing of the guard ceremony. The National Taiwan Democracy Memorial Hall (formerly the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall), was constructed in memory of the former president of the Republic of China; it is located in the heart of Taipei City, and is one of the city's major landmarks. For a final overview of the cityscape, visit the observatory on Taipei 101, one of the world's tallest skyscrapers, for a breathtaking view over the city and the surrounding countryside.
Early Portuguese sailors named Taiwan
Ilha Formosa, meaning ‘beautiful island’,