For a traveller, the things to do in Canada are endless. The size and location of the country means that each region has its own attractions – from stunning mountain panoramas to thundering waterfalls, cosmopolitan cities to indigenous cultures, untamed wilderness to the northern lights, and winter landscapes to world-class cuisine.
Visitors can choose to concentrate on one area for an immersive experience, combine a few regions together, or traverse the entire country by rail, watching the landscapes change mile by mile.
No matter the decision, Canada offers some truly unique experiences.
British ColumbiaVisit cosmopolitan Vancouver and begin a journey on the Rocky Mountaineer, whale watch from Vancouver Island, seek out grizzly bears in the Great Bear Rainforest, relax in the year-round mountain retreat of Whistler, sail a portion of the Inside Passage and stay on a working ranch or in a wilderness lodge.
AlbertaEnjoy a train journey on the Rocky Mountaineer passing through the impressive Rocky Mountains and Jasper, experience the world-famous Calgary Stampede, gain spectacular mountain views from Banff, see picturesque Lake Louise and self-drive along the Icefields Parkway.
Manitoba and SaskatchewanExplore boreal forest and over 100,000 lakes, visit Churchill ‘the polar bear capital of the world’, spot beluga whales in Hudson Bay, stay in the Tundra Buggy Lodge to search out the northern lights, and see the enriching museums and galleries in cultural Winnipeg.
Ontario and QuebecTake a boat ride to explore the mists of Niagara Falls and discover Canada’s most iconic attraction, sample fine French cuisine in Montreal and Quebec City, drive around the Gaspé peninsula, ascend the CN tower in Toronto and visit the capital of Ottowa.
Comprising four provinces on the far eastern coast, visitors can enjoy delectable seafood, whale watching in the Bay of Fundy, discovering the quaint villages and lighthouses of Prince Edward Island, relaxing in boutique hotels, watching icebergs floating past Newfoundland’s coast, and taking a boat trip to search for birds of prey and puffins.
Arctic Canada and the YukonIn Arctic Canada, experience the natural phenomenon of the northern lights, learn about Inuit culture, cruise through the north-west passage, past towering icebergs and through fjords and stay in the remote Arctic Watch Wilderness lodge during summer – located 500 miles north of the Arctic Circle it is known for its local wildlife. Meanwhile, the Northwest Territories area is five times the size of the UK, with a population of less than 50,000 people, and is home to Yukon with its goldrush history, the Old Town of Yellowknife, and impressive surrounding boreal forest.
Accessible only by scenic floatplane, British Columbia’s small and remote bear lodges are floated into position at the beginning of the season and floated back out before winter sets in. From your lodge you will go on excursions to spot wild grizzly bears by boat or at a viewing platform.
Canada is home to a huge number of birds and mammals. More than 630 bird species have been recorded, including ospreys and bald eagles. Beavers, raccoons and marmots are found throughout the forests of Canada, but wolves and cougars are more difficult to find. Spot whales near Vancouver, Hudson Bay and the Bay of Fundy; or search for Canada’s iconic bears. Grizzly bears can be found throughout the western and northern provinces, while black bears are more widespread. Visit the Great Bear Rainforest in the west to see grizzly bears and lesser known Kermode and spirit bears. Find polar bears in Churchill, aptly named the ‘polar bear capital of the world’.
Canada may only be less than 150 years old, but its history and cultures span back much further. Throughout the country there are opportunities to learn about the aboriginal peoples and their cultures and legends. Whilst in the east, the province of Québec is home to a French speaking population and historic French settlements.
One of the natural wonders of the world, Niagara Falls can be reached in less than 2 hours from Toronto, and is arguably Canada’s most recognisable sight. This thundering group of waterfalls lies between the borders of Canada and the US. Take a memorable helicopter flight over the falls, or enjoy a boat excursion to see the falls up close.
See Canada come alive in this image and video gallery, showing off some of the best areas that you can visit and explore.
Discover the temperatures and rainfall you can expect when visiting the main areas of Canada, along with the best time to travel.
We have collated some of the best books and guides to Canada, to help you make the most of your holiday to the country.
Find out more about what you can expect from travelling in North America – from internal flights to accommodation standards and local transport.
Learn more about the airlines we use to fly to Central America, chosen for reliability and good service; as well as any available upgrade facilities.
Before travelling to North America, please read more about the entry requirements for each country, as well as any general health advice.
Get to know our expert North America tour consultants, their personal recommendations and favourite hotels around the world.