Set on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, Gibraltar is rich in natural history and has a sub-tropical climate. It is home to 500 types of plant and the Barbary ape, the only wild monkey found in Europe. Highlights include the medieval castle, the Rock of Gibraltar and St Michael’s caves.
With a strong military history, there are a large number of historical sites ranging from graves from sailors who were killed at the battle of Trafalgar to the siege caves and tunnels dating from the second world war.
This British overseas territory also makes a perfect base from which to explore the surrounding region.
Excavated from 1939-1944, the tunnels were an extension to the Great Siege Tunnels which were built to repel the French. The Rock is in fact honeycombed with a 32 mile-long network of tunnels. There are fascinating tours of these tunnels, which are conducted by a guide from H.M. Forces.
One of the best ways to see the ‘Top of the Rock’ is by cable car. Offering uninterrupted views of the Rock, Spain and across the Bay to Algeciras in Africa, you can sit and relax and look across two continents.
The only free-living primates in Europe, there are about 240 tailless apes, which can be seen at various sites around the rock. Legend has it that when the apes (which may have been introduced from north Africa in the 18th century) disappear from Gibraltar, so will the British.
St Michael's Cave is a large natural grotto that was once home to the Neolithic inhabitants of the Rock. Its modern day use is for concerts and plays.
Take a boat into the Bay of Algeciras to view the dolphins. The best time for viewing is between April to September.
See Gibraltar come alive in this image and video gallery, showing off some of the best areas that you can visit and explore.
Discover the temperatures and rainfall you can expect when visiting the main areas of Gibraltar, along with the best time to travel.
We have collated some of the best books and guides to Gibraltar, to help you make the most of your holiday to the country.
Find out more about what you can expect from travelling in Europe – from internal flights to accommodation standards and local transport.
Learn more about the airlines we use to fly to Europe, chosen for reliability and good service; as well as any available upgrade facilities.
Before travelling to Europe, please read more about the entry requirements for each country, as well as any general health advice.
Get to know our expert Europe tour consultants, their personal recommendations and favourite hotels around the world.